Exploring Balinese Architecture in Puseh Temple of Batuan Village
Puseh Temple is Khayangan Tiga Temple. Khayangan Tiga is the concept of temple set on village and consisted by 3 temples, those are Dalem Temple, Desa Temple and Puseh Temple it’s self. This concept is taught by Mpu Kuturan on 10th century to Balinese people at the time. Desa Temple is the place for worshiping Brahma God, Puseh Temple as the worship for Wisnu God and Dalem Temple as the worship for Siwa God.
Location of Batuan Temple
The famous Pura Puseh in Bali is Batuan Puseh Temple. It’s located in Batuan Village, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency. You will take 1 hour from Ngurah Rai International Airport or 30 km. This Temples was built at 944 Caka (Balinese Year) or 1022 AD or we can say it’s one of the oldest temples in Bali. Batuan Puseh Temple has many unique things, besides the curving in the wall, this temple offer archaeological heritage comes from prehistoric period.
The Batuan Temple Information
The local people preserve and care about the temple’s architecture and its environment. Some buildings were old buildings but the local people have been undergone renovation, renewal, and change from 10th century to 13th century and also 18th century AD. The structure and foundation of this temple are very tough and strong. It has the original Balinese ornament that beautifully craved on every building at this temple area. Some ornaments are reflection of The Ramayana Epic story and every holy building has different function philosophically.
The Building of Batuan Temple
You will find an ancient building called Wantilan, this place use as a meeting hall and to practice any kind of Balinese dances as Rejang Dewa Dance, Pendet Dance, etc. In the middle yard of temple there is a long building / bale called the Bale Agung and Bale Kulkul (a gong mad by wood or bamboo).You also see a high entrance Balinese Gate called the Kori Agung in middle yard, which is flanked by the many guardian statues shaped the giant sculpture. The function of Kori Agung is the door where the exit and entry for the gods symbolized by a small statue called Pratima. Next to the Kori Agung there are two small doors as a place of exit and entry of people into the temple’s main yard. In the main yard of the temple there are some three story Meru and Bale Pengiyasan as a symbol of the temple of Besakih, there is also a building called Padmasana as a place of worship to Sang Hyang Widhi, the only one Bali Hindu’s God.
The Public Facilities
Before entering the temple, you should wear “kamen” (a traditional Balinese costume) and some local people will lend you how to wearing it. It is a must for you to wear ‘Balinese kamen’ to show your respect and honor about the holiness of “Puseh Temple of Batuan Village”. It’s all free, you won’t be charged for entrance. However, the local people expect every tourist who visited to this temple can donate in any amount of money to support the maintenance of the temple. There is provided a simple donation box. Every donation that you give should be based on a sense of sincerity, where Balinese people know it is called “medana punia”. This temple also has many facilities like toilet, parking area, and food stall.